India-Pakistan Relations



From the very beginning roots of conflicts have been deeply planted amongst the 2 nations. Many of Muslims living in India, Hindus, and Sikhs living in Pakistan have immigrated in one of the most massive transfers of population in today’s era.


Both of them always frowned up over the matter of not providing adequate facilities, respect to each of these minorities immigrating through their territories, which served as a source of economic, political tensions between the 2 newly born nations during the 1947’s. Did these conflicts & cold wars submitted as a purpose of war between the two?


“Freedom is not given, it is taken!” – Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose


“Whatever language Pakistan understands India should teach in that language.” – Narendra Modi


“Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only be achieved by understanding” – Albert Einstein

STATISTICS – What Numbers have to Say?

  • On September 18, 2016, a number of heavily-armed Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) militants staged an assault on the Indian army brigade headquarters at Uri, near the Line of Control (LoC), which resulted in the deaths of at least 17 soldiers and 4 militants.


  • On 14 February 2019, a convoy of vehicles carrying security personnel on the Jammu Srinagar National Highway was attacked by a vehicle-borne suicide bomber in the Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir. The attack resulted in the deaths of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel and the attacker


  • Terrorist attacks on security forces since have increased and the attack on the Uri Army base camp in September 2016, where 19 Indian soldiers were killed, was also carried by an organization, which has its roots in Pakistan. (Lashkar-e-Toiba, also responsible for 26/11 attacks)


  • The case of Kulbushan Jadhav, a retired Indian Naval officer arrested nears the Iran-Pakistan border in Baluchistan region by the Pakistani establishment and accused of espionage by Pakistan.

DESCRIPTION – Let’s take a Deep Dive

Truly said, a nation can choose its friends but cannot choose his neighbours. India and Pakistan shared an unfriendly bond from the very beginning which couldn’t be solved in a peaceful manner despite various attempts. Emerging out of a bloody partition it deeply planted the seeds of opposition amongst the two.


Immediately after partition, there was a lot of confidence in Pakistan that the Muslim countries of the world would draw closer to Pakistan and indeed might move towards a Pan Islamic grouping of Muslim nations. Years and years of mutual mistrust & misperception has led to forming a barrier between the two, amongst all the conflicting issue’s between them, grabbing a part of Kashmir has always been a hot topic.


It has been forecasted that after the settlement of this issue, the relationship between the two will slowly & gradually become cordial. Although there is a high possibility of expansion of bilateral trade between the two nations. However there is no alternative to the continuous dialogue process, one needs to settle down with the help of peace and stability to foster economic development, trade, and political-socio – cultural relations

GOOD SIDE: India-Pakistan Relations

  • Pakistani music, culture has an enormous fan base in India such as the famous singer “Momina Mustehsan” is well known for her sweet & melodious voice which sooth’s almost everyone’s mind.
  • Both the countries also had signed an “Indus Water Treaty”(IWT) in 1960, brokered by World Bank with due respect of sharing the water of the river Indus & its tributaries.
  • In the present day scenario, if a Referendum is passed in J&K offering independence as an option, it is possible that the majority of people would vote in favour of independence.


BAD SIDE: India-Pakistan Relations

  • 20 July 2005 Srinagar Bombing: A Car bomb exploded near an armoured Indian Army vehicle in the famous Church Lane area in Srinagar killing 4 Indian Army soldiers, 1 civilian & 1 suicide bomber.
  • Two Car bombs exploded in South Mumbai on 25th August 2003, one near the Gateway of India & the other one at the famous Zaveri Bazaar, killing at least 48 people & injuring 150 people which are suspected to be performed by the prominent Laskar-e-Taiba’s terrorist group.
  • The 2001 Indian Parliament attack was an attack at the Parliament of India in New Delhi on 13th December 2001 during which fourteen people including five men who attacked the building were killed.


Aggregating, we can say that India is constantly having efforts coupled up with plans to have peace with Pakistan but due to its constant territorial attacks its always been demeaning for India to have thoughts like having peaceful relations with Pakistan. Let’s grab the fresh example in 2019 of the Pulwama attack, close to around 40 officers were forced to death which is highly not tolerable for our Indian nation after which performing an airstrike was the need of the hour.


Henceforth for establishing peaceful relations between both the nation’s Pakistan has to stop these territorial attacks otherwise spending on defence budget would exponentially increase day by day & a new matter regarding these attacks will always be popping up on the front page of media sources!!

Author – Aman Gupta

Scrutiny – Riya Chandra

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