CAT EXAMMBA Entrance Notes

CAT Quant Notes – Time and Work

Download CAT Quant Notes for Time and Work

Cracking the CAT Quantitative Aptitude section requires a solid grasp of concepts like Time and Work. In this article, we’ll unravel the basics of Time and Work, walk through examples, explore different question types, and provide handy tips and tricks to ace this category.

time and work

Understanding the Basics

Time and Work problems in CAT Quant involve the relationship between the time taken to complete a task and the efficiency of individuals working on it. The fundamental formula is:

Work = Rate * Time

Here, Work represents the total task, Rate is the efficiency of an individual, and Time is the duration.

If John can complete a task in 5 hours, his rate is 1/5 of the task per hour.


Different Types of Time and Work Questions

1. Individual Rates:
– Calculate the time a person takes to complete a task alone.
– Example: If Jack can build a wall in 8 hours, how long will it take for him to complete two walls?

2. Working Together:
– Determine the combined rate when two or more individuals work together.
– Example: If Jill can complete a project in 10 hours and Mark in 15 hours, how long will it take if they work together?

3. Fractional Work
– Divide the task into parts and analyze the contribution of each worker.
– Example: If Lisa can paint a room in 6 hours and Mike in 4 hours, how much of the room will be painted if they work together for 2 hours?


Tips and Tricks:

1. Identify Rates
– Break down the information to find the rate at which each individual works.
– Example: If Amy can mow a lawn in 3 hours, her rate is 1/3 of the lawn per hour.

2. Combine Rates
– When individuals work together, add their rates to find the overall rate.
– Example: If Tom paints a room in 5 hours and Jerry in 7 hours, their combined rate is 1/5 + 1/7 per hour.

3. Calculate Time
– Use the formula Time = Work/Rate to find the time required to complete a task.
– Example: If Sam can build a house in 20 days, his rate is 1/20 per day.

4. Use LCM for Fractions
– When working with different rates, find the Least Common Multiple (LCM) for efficient calculations.
– Example: If Rachel completes a task in 9 hours and James in 12 hours, use LCM to determine their combined rate.


Mastering Time and Work problems in the CAT Quant section is about understanding the fundamental concepts, recognizing different question types, and employing effective strategies. By breaking down problems, calculating rates, and applying the right formulas, you can confidently navigate through Time and Work questions. With consistent practice and a grasp of these basics, you’ll be well-equipped to tackle this section on the CAT exam day. Happy problem-solving!


Time and Work PDF


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